Women were fighters as well. Under Chinggis' rule, every man and woman was trained to keep the nation ready for battle. Mongolia women knew how to use a bow and arrow, were expert horsewomen, and even took part in wrestling contests. Marco Polo wrote of Khubilai's neice Khutulun. a princess who had amassed a great fortune by wrestling her prospective grooms. The loser had to gamble 100 horses on his vicotry. In no time Khutulun had earned 10,00 horses - and never did marry!
Mongolian women not only did not have to marry, but had the right to divorce if the marriage union did not go well.
Also, the tribal world of the Mongols was peopled with powerful clan shamans; Chinggis himself was devoted to shamanism. Women as well as men were shamans, and as visionaries and intermediaries between the forces of heaven and earth, were both venerated and feared.
| Empress Wu Zetian | Queen Sondok | Murasaki Shikibu |
| The Trung Sisters | Sorghaghtani Beki | Mirabai | Nur Jahan |
Three Transforming Poets - Iran
| Eleanor of Aquitaine | Shagrat al-Durr | Melisende | Anna Comnena |
| Great Women Rulers | More Women Rulers |
| Notable Women (1000 C.E.) | Empress Adelaide |
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Women in World History Curriculum